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Terça, 02 de Setembro de 2014 09:43

It is productivity

After having accelerated, in average, 4% per year during the second mandate of President Lula’s government (PT), the GDP has recaptured, along the last years, the old enervating turtle pace. At Dilma Rousseff’s government (PT), the annual increase will be less than 2%.

In an apparent paradox, the job creation remained positive until last year, with a reasonable income growth. From 2007 to 2013, 9.4 million of formal jobs were created in the country. If the job market has increased at this proportion, why hasn’t GDP?

The series of report “O Brasil que trabalha” – “Brazil, the country that works” -, published by Folha, helps us to understand the difficulty the country faces to grow even in a context of significant advance in employment and income.

What happens is that, from the total of generated vacancies at this period, half of them corresponds to the ten sectors of less qualification that have low productivity indexes. They are occupations of low specialization, such as assistant in buildings, cleaner, vigilant and receptionist. Just the assistant in buildings, for instance, had 921 thousand new employments, almost 10% of the total.

We cannot underestimate the beneficial impact of such jobs. The formalization of the working relationship enables the citizen participation in the market economy; the formal contract represents a passport to a bank account and the consequent access to credit, including the financing of the long awaited home.

Another positive aspect is the decrease of the social gap. The wages of the low qualification were the ones that had the higher increase – eight times more, in comparison to the workers with until four years of study and the ones more schooled, with 17 or 18 years of education.

On the other hand, there was a reduction of vacancy in the sectors that demand a higher qualification, such as machine operator, administrative supervisor and staff involved in researches. In general, the categories with higher education had lower growth.

This pattern of job creation, concentrated in less skilled occupations, did not contribute to accelerate the productivity of the workforce as a whole, which grew by less than 1.7% per year from 2010 to 2013.

In the background, the main obstacle to expansion of the Brazilian economy – more than other aspects – such as the international environment and the lack of investments – continues to be the low productivity, drifting, among other factors, the lack of education.

The true and final focus for a true leap of development should be, therefore, the education of the workforce that needs to be focused on the skills which are required by the modern economy.

Source: Editorial Folha de S. Paulo

Version: Grazielle Segeti

 
PDF Imprimir E-mail
Terça, 02 de Setembro de 2014 09:43

It is productivity

After having accelerated, in average, 4% per year during the second mandate of President Lula’s government (PT), the GDP has recaptured, along the last years, the old enervating turtle pace. At Dilma Rousseff’s government (PT), the annual increase will be less than 2%.

In an apparent paradox, the job creation remained positive until last year, with a reasonable income growth. From 2007 to 2013, 9.4 million of formal jobs were created in the country. If the job market has increased at this proportion, why hasn’t GDP?

The series of report “O Brasil que trabalha” – “Brazil, the country that works” -, published by Folha, helps us to understand the difficulty the country faces to grow even in a context of significant advance in employment and income.

What happens is that, from the total of generated vacancies at this period, half of them corresponds to the ten sectors of less qualification that have low productivity indexes. They are occupations of low specialization, such as assistant in buildings, cleaner, vigilant and receptionist. Just the assistant in buildings, for instance, had 921 thousand new employments, almost 10% of the total.

We cannot underestimate the beneficial impact of such jobs. The formalization of the working relationship enables the citizen participation in the market economy; the formal contract represents a passport to a bank account and the consequent access to credit, including the financing of the long awaited home.

Another positive aspect is the decrease of the social gap. The wages of the low qualification were the ones that had the higher increase – eight times more, in comparison to the workers with until four years of study and the ones more schooled, with 17 or 18 years of education.

On the other hand, there was a reduction of vacancy in the sectors that demand a higher qualification, such as machine operator, administrative supervisor and staff involved in researches. In general, the categories with higher education had lower growth.

This pattern of job creation, concentrated in less skilled occupations, did not contribute to accelerate the productivity of the workforce as a whole, which grew by less than 1.7% per year from 2010 to 2013.

In the background, the main obstacle to expansion of the Brazilian economy – more than other aspects – such as the international environment and the lack of investments – continues to be the low productivity, drifting, among other factors, the lack of education.

The true and final focus for a true leap of development should be, therefore, the education of the workforce that needs to be focused on the skills which are required by the modern economy.

Source: Editorial Folha de S. Paulo

Version: Grazielle Segeti

 
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