Fiscontal The accounting as a source of resistance to the economic crisis SS Tap Arq Fisco

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Escrito por Douglas   
Quarta, 30 de Janeiro de 2013 16:21

Plan to shield the local economy from external crisis has not brought significant improvements; after growing below expectations during the third term in 2012, the GDP should end the year with growth of approximately 1%

Tax reductions in specific sectors marked a turning point in economic policy in 2012. Measures taken by the government during the year had targeted the productive sector, besides trying to stimulate the consumption to preserve a satisfactory growth trajectory. But the effects of the economic slowdown in Europe, the United States and China, major trading partners of Brazil, combined with internal factors such as the low rate of investments, made a counterpoint to the government plans.

Just this last December there were announcements of payroll tax relief for businesses of construction and reducing the term of the Tax on Financial Operations (IOF) for external financing operations.

Last week, the government announced investments of R$ 54.2 billion by 2017 for the port sector. The measure also includes new concessions, the centralized planning of ports in the Secretariat of Ports, the creation of a National Commission on Pilotage and investments in dredging and port structures. According to the President Dilma Rousseff, the aim is to achieve the "highest possible efficiency, with greater cargo handling and lowest possible rate."

The benefited ports are Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Itaguaí, Santos, Cabedelo, Itaqui Pecém, Suape, Aratu and Porto Sul/Ilhéus. They were also included: Porto Velho, Santana, Manaus / Itacoatiara, Santarém and Vila do Conde and Belém/Miramar/Outeiro, Porto Alegre Paranaguá/Antonina, São Francisco do Sul, Itajaí/Imbituba and Rio Grande.

Another R$ 2.6 billion will be invested in waterway, rail and road accesses and traffic regulation yards in the 18 major Brazilian public ports. The Ministry of Transport will come with R$ 1 billion and the remainder will be run by the states and private companies.

In late October President Dilma Rousseff decided to extend the lower rates of the Tax on Industrialized Products (IPI). The decision, announced on May 21st, valid until the end of August, was extended until October 31st and then until December 31st.

In September, the government decided to take steps to reduce the electric bill of ordinary consumers. The decision, however, encountered resistance from the state of São Paulo (CESP), Minas Gerais (Cemig) and Paraná (Copel).

With this, the promised reduction of 20.2% in the bill should become, in practice, a cut of 16.7%.

Roads and railways have also won a package to try to solve old logistics bottlenecks in the country. The concessions plan announced in August, of R$ 133 billion, aimed to reduce the Brazil cost and make the Brazilian economy more competitive.

For 2013, the government is considering keeping some of that temporary stimulus that should be withdrawn from January. Evaluation is in the extension of IPI reduction of white goods and Reintegra, regime that returns the companies 3% of revenues with exports.

Benefits may however suffer some changes. In the case of the IPI for white goods, the government is considering making permanent part of the tax reduction for some items, such as the little washing machine. It is also not ruled out the renewal of the IPI for cars.

One concern of the government is the impact on economic growth and inflation resulting from the complete withdrawal of incentives in the first quarter of next year. It weighs against renewing the negative effect on consumer behavior of successive renewals of benefits.

Source: IG Notícias
Version: Grazielle Segeti????

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Escrito por Douglas   
Sábado, 22 de Dezembro de 2012 10:43

By Raul Haidar

The Provisional Measure that lowers taxes on electricity may result in a reduction of about 16% on the final price of electricity paid by consumers. For all Brazilian economy this will become a big relief, able to generate significant growth in private investment for the benefit of all.

Since long the company has been claiming the need of reduction of the tax burden. Although it seems to be simpler to eliminate some taxes, such as IPI and IPVA, we must accept as reasonable the solution which has been adopted now, because what really matters is the result. As it was said beforetime: the end is what matters, the middle is just a detail.

But what surprises us is the reaction of some sectors of the state bureaucracy, especially in CONFAZ (National Council of Farm Policy), whose coordinator, representative of Finance of Maranhão, complained that the solution would be a "bomb" and that States would not have been heard.

But, the Treasury Secretary of Bahia said (Folha de S.Paulo, 12/8) that it is necessary to "rebuild the collection, because the citizen will win" and that "we have to adjust our revenue commitments of government." In good Portuguese terms: if the federal government relieves the weight carried by the people, we must take it immediately, because our commitment is to spending. Interestingly, the governor has the same thought as the president, at least for now.

It is no longer a secret that the Ministry of Finance seems to reign confusion. Everything indicates that this is a result of the massive presence of teachers there, starting with the minister. This may explain the confusion. George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) said with conviction: “The one who knows does it, the one who does not know, teaches it."

Manifestations of Confaz coordinator and the secretary of the Treasury of Bahia show at least that there is disharmony in the sector, a lack of dialogue, finally, most of the actors in this drama seems to be without their text or do not know which part is being staged. The public, us, who pays the ticket, is not enjoying any of it. Whatever it may be, we'll pay the bill's staging, a comedy, tragedy or a theater of the absurd.

In late November the Minister Gilmar Mendes, from STF, considered the existence of a "schizophrenia" in Congress, where representatives and senators approve laws that create serious fiscal problems for governors of their states. The minister was heard by the journalist Ribamar Oliveira, from the journal “O Estado de S. Paulo” (article published on 11/28) which recorded the fact that for those governors what would remain was the entry of unconstitutional actions against these laws. One would be the approval of the national floor of teachers, whose value several governors allege they cannot afford.

The essential question in this whole mess and on which no one dares to comment is not through collection, but the expenses. We have a system in place, which represents, as said Gilmar Mendes, a "schizophrenia". Who wants to know exactly what it is must see the movie "A Beautiful Mind". The schizophrenic lives unrealistic or over a different reality, seeing, hearing and talking about things that do not exist.

Well, if the payment of the minimum wage (which is really small) is committed to a slight drop in income of the states, spending must be cut. For this entire Brazil, fortunes are thrown in the garbage, if not criminally diverted.

See, for example, subsidies to parties, said popular, where supposed artists are contracted at absurdly high value to perform spectacles mostly grotesque and ridiculous, most often to stimulate the collective idiocy of people unable to think clearly. Incidentally, if they thought clearly, certain deleterious figures would not be elected. The general idiocy, however, needs to be maintained and encouraged, to preserve the fiefdoms of colonels and gentlemen who are still in the eighteenth or nineteenth century.

There are many states where the money spent on advertising or public official are astronomical. I still have not understood what good is an advertising of a public company reorganization that has no competition.

The global economic crisis is loose out there and when we are visited, we naively open arms and even doing those silly little hearts with the fingers. Or does anyone really believe the sudden love of these decadent artists, mediocre, fabulous or spectacular, but without where they can collect millionaire paychecks they receive here, they have decided to love Brazil so wildly?

There is not, under any circumstances, the slightest possibility of adjusting the states recipe to "compensate" for the reduction resulting from the revision of electricity tariffs. The secretary of Bahia and Maranhão must get real and learn how to control the schizophrenic reigning in offices where they work. If you wish to raise any state tax, either the judiciary must prevent or the taxpayer must refuse to pay. And when the taxpayer decides not to pay the taxes, hell is the limit, not the sky.

Schizophrenia is an incurable mental illness, defined as a severe mental disorder that alters the patient's contact with reality, causing visual and auditory hallucinations and causing the patient hears voices and speaks incomprehensible things. With an appropriate medical treatment, the disease can be controlled and the patient survived without major problems.

When an authority whatsoever, before a possible reduction in revenues that administers immediately imagines possible tax increase to keep the recipe as it is, he is having hallucinations. If, as it was recently reported in the press, the public health situation in the state it belongs to such authority, is worse than any conceivable human tragedy, this possibility of increasing shows that we are already talking about incomprehensible things. It means, there is a classic picture of schizophrenic and that seems to be serious.

Source: Revista Consultor Jurídico
Version: Grazielle Segeti

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