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Research shows that 27 million people have or are involved in creating a business

Brasilia - Only after China and the United States, Brazil has 27 million people involved or in the process of creating a business. In absolute numbers, ranks third in the ranking of 54 countries surveyed by the research Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2011 (GEM), held annually and the fruit of a partnership between Sebrae and the Brazilian Institute of Quality and Productivity (IBQP).

"Brazil has changed greatly in recent years: income and employment have increased. So, now, we have more qualified entrepreneurs, who seek in their own business the opportunity to develop themselves”, says the technical director of Sebrae, Carlos Alberto dos Santos. Commenting on the research, he also emphasizes the strong presence of women and youth and the education level, which has also increased. "Brazil has always stood out for having a great entrepreneurial energy”.

"GEM raises the main characteristics of entrepreneurship in each of the countries surveyed and considers both the formal and informal business. Only people between 18 and 64 years were heard. Entrepreneurs represent 27% of the adult Brazilian population. In 2002, this percentage was 21%. China, which leads the ranking, has nearly 370 million businessmen. The United States, which ranks second, about 40 million.

Of the 27 million entrepreneurs in the country, 85% are in the market for over three months. Of these, 12 million, equivalent to 45%, are established in their segments, which means, they are operating in the market for over 42 months. Another 11 million, 40% of the total, are classified as new ventures for work for more than three months and less than 42 months.

The research also shows that 15% of the entrepreneurs, or 4 million people are involved in the creation of their own business. This group includes people who are in the initial stage of the enterprise, like during the survey of market information, for example.

Most entrepreneurs open the business because they found a market opportunity and not by necessity. It is estimated that for every open business due the necessity of the entrepreneur, such as the unemployment, for example, 2.24 started by identifying an opportunity. The number is the highest since the GEM survey began to be held in 1999, but it is still below the average of the 54 countries, which is 4.35 per business opportunity for each open by necessity.

In Brazil, the initial group of entrepreneurs, those who are involved in creating a business or who already have a business with up to 42 months, the proportion of women in front of the business is greater than the world average. In each initial 100 projects, 49 are under the female command. The average of this group, in the 54 countries surveyed, is 37 for every 100 entrepreneurs. They prefer business as aesthetic and beauty treatments, clothing trade, supply of prepared food and clothing. Whereas, men prefer the activities related to maintenance and repair of automotive vehicles, mini markets, cafeterias, and passenger transport.

Of the 27 million Brazilian entrepreneurs, more than half - 14.4 million - are between 25 and 44 years. The others 3.4 million are younger, until 24 years. Six million are in the range of 45 to 54 years, and 3.3 million are over 55 years. The monthly income obtained by half of the entrepreneurs reaches, a maximum of, three minimum wages. A third of these, bills between three and six times the minimum wage and less than 15% take more than six minimum wages per month with the business itself.

Generation of jobs

Small businesses are responsible for most job openings in Brazil. Data relating to the 2010 Survey of Employment and Unemployment in Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (Dieese) shows that small businesses create two out of every three jobs in the private sector.

The GEM indicates that most small businesses want to expand their frames. Among businesses with less than 42 months of existence, almost half plans to hire between one and five employees in the next five years. Only a third part does not intend to open spaces and the rest should employ more than five people in that period. With regard to the established businesses, for those with more than 3.5 years, the forecast is that 44% of them employ between one and five employees, 45% remain stable with the tables and the rest would employ more than five people.

Text: Mariana Flores
Source: Agência SEBRAE de Notícias
Version: Grazielle Segeti



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