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Fiscontal The accounting as a source of resistance to the economic crisis SS Tap Arq Fisco

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It is increasingly difficult to find a political solution to untangle the tax system. Meanwhile, the taxpayer has a hellish life - and pays dearly for it.

Goes by this bureaucratic marathon without a single mistake is a Herculean task. It is in this confusion - and not in evasion - much of the origin of the 116 billion dollars in fines, a record, charged by the IRS last year.

In January, in a gap of a few days, the companies Natura, Fibria,
Santos Brazil and MMX reported that the IRS had charged them, between taxes and penalties, the sum of 6 billion dollars.

Only MMX, the mining of the group controlled by the businessman Eike Batista, received a bill of 3.7 billion reais. The value would amount the income tax and the social contribution on net income which were not paid in 2007.

This last may be included in the list of the bizarre charges that would deserve an explanation from the taxman. The value of debt is almost five times the net profit reported by the company that year, which was 766 million reais.

MMX had two years of operation, and most of the balance was for costs, expenses and investments. The four companies were part of an amount of 317 companies that would be fine the largest rescue operation ever made by the tax revenue.

The Treasury hoped to collect 84 billion dollars. Who knows how many other debts were not subjected to that strange parameter of multiplication applied to the output of MMX.

We are so used to such episodes that they seem banal. But for foreign investors, who live with more sane tax systems, they are incomprehensible.

In the last Congress of the International Fiscal Association (IFA), held in
Boston in October last year, the adversarial relationship between the tax authorities and Brazilian companies monopolized the debate.

"In the main conference, with 1300 people in the audience, they just wondered why
Brazil treats its taxpayers so aggressively," says Rachel Black, director of the Office of Lawyers of São Paulo and Brazilian representative in Congress of the IFA, created for 75 years. Brazil charges up to 150% fine on the amount of the due tax.

Reforming the way
Brazil collects taxes is as urgent as unlikely. "One country changes its tax system after a war or institutional breakdown," says Everardo Maciel, former Secretary of Revenue in the Fernando Henrique Cardoso government.

"We must keep in mind that there will never be a perfect system." There are initiatives that can inspire us.
Canada has, since 1945, the Canadian Tax Foundation, a nonpartisan institution that consists of companies, politicians and experts in public accounts.

Any changes in tax, that you might consider, must be under an intense debate among the members of the institution before. Only then it goes to the Parliament. This does not mean that the country is immune to stumbles.

The French-speaking
province of Quebec has its own value-added tax to differentiate itself from the provinces in which people speak English. It shows that, worldwide, the tax system is flawed. What is unacceptable is to comply with the deficiencies and do nothing to improve it.

Text: Patrick Cruz
From: Exame
Version: Grazielle Segeti



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